Aquaculture refers to farming of marine or freshwater organisms (fish, oysters, clams and others) under controlled conditions. It allows to control the actual output of the farming activities and thus be less dependent on external influences. Keeping of brood-stock, both sea and fresh water species, and the growing of high value fish are amongst the possibilities.
The cold seawater from the deep ocean is rich in nutrients, such as phosphates and nitrates and is virtually free of pathogen. Therefore, it is ideal for use in aquaculture.
Using cold deep seawater for aquaculture allows to reduce the use of biocides and feed, and improves the health of the fish, environmental impact and economics of the process. The cold water opens the possibilities of growing high value fishes that otherwise can not been grown locally.